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King Charles III to be treated for prostate condition, know the signs and symptoms of the cancer found in men


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Prostate cancer is the most common cancer found in men. 

King Charles III is one public figure who has been open about his prostate procedure.

Buckingham Palace announced that the king would receive hospital treatment for an enlarged prostate, a condition also very common in men. 

KING CHARLES II TO UNDERGO ‘CORRECTIVE PROCEDURE’ NEXT WEEK FOR AN ENLARGED PROSTATE

The king's condition is benign, and a "corrective procedure" is being conducted due to the enlargement, the palace said.

The only type of cancer more common than prostate cancer is skin cancer, according to the American Cancer Society. 

This common cancer is treatable when caught early, with a near 100%, five-year survival rate for cancers that have not spread beyond the prostate or have only spread to nearby areas, per the American Cancer Society (ACS). 

Symptoms of prostate cancer are usually minimal or not experienced at all. 

One in eight men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetime, according to the source.

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The survival rate plummets to 32% among stage IV cancer cases, when the disease spreads to distant parts of the body.

Below is all you need to know about prostate cancer.

Any type of cancer starts when cells grow out of control in certain parts of the body. Nearly every part of the body can be affected by cancerous cells, and they can then spread to other areas. 

Prostate cancer is a type of cancer found in men that begins in the prostate gland and can then grow beyond that in more severe cases. 

Most commonly, prostate cancer is adenocarcinomas, meaning it develops in the gland cells, according to ACS.

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There are other types of prostate cancer, according to the source, but these are rare. 

Other types are small cell carcinoma, neuroendocrine tumors, transitional cell carcinomas and sarcomas.

In general, prostate cancer grows very slowly. 

Many people who have it die from other causes without ever knowing that they had the cancer, according to the ACS.

"The most common symptom is no symptom at all," Dr. Christopher Anderson, a urologist with New York-Presbyterian/Columbia University Irving Medical Center, told Fox News in 2017.

Some men may experience symptoms like pain in their bones and weight loss when the cancer has already spread, Anderson said.

THE DO'S AND DON'TS OF THE PROSTATE CANCER DIET

Dr. Philip Kantoff, a medical oncologist and chair of the department of medicine at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, reiterated that the disease does not typically cause symptoms. Symptoms could instead be due to an enlarged or inflamed prostate, neither of which are cancerous.

Dr. Ketan Badani, vice chairman of urology at Mount Sinai Health System, said that "some patients may have vague urinary complaints," like having to urinate more frequently, and that there are no symptoms until the disease is advanced. The majority of men who have urinary issues do not have prostate cancer, he noted.

Advanced cases of prostate cancer may present with symptoms "with benign prostate conditions, including weak or interrupted urine flow; difficulty starting or stopping urine flow; the need to urinate frequently, especially at night; blood in the urine; or pain or burning with urination," per the ACS.

NEW PROSTATE CANCER TREATMENT COULD BE ON THE HORIZON, SAY UK RESEARCHERS: ‘TREMENDOUSLY EXCITING’ 

Additional symptoms include pain in the hips, ribs and chest, as well as numbness or weakness in the legs or feet.

Men ages 60 to 74 are considered more at risk, according to the SEER program. 

Family history, "especially a first-degree relative like a father or brother" who has been diagnosed, is another concern, Badani added.

African, Afro-Caribbean, South Asian and Hispanic men are more at risk for "more aggressive" forms of prostate cancer, he said.

For men of African descent, there is an increased risk of both prostate cancer diagnosis and dying from prostate cancer, Anderson said.

"A discussion with your physician is warranted before symptoms occur," Kantoff advised, adding that men should decide with their doctors if a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, which looks at the level of PSA in blood, is right for them.

Badani recommended that men receive both annual digital rectal exams and PSA tests. Multiple PSA tests over time are a better indicator of potential concerns as opposed to a single test result, he explained.

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If you are concerned you might have prostate cancer, speak to an internal medicine doctor or a urologist, Anderson recommended. He stressed that all patients with blood in their urine should see a urologist.

PSA screening has been a controversial topic in the past. In 2012, the U.S. Preventative Services Task Force recommended against PSA screening when it said "there is moderate certainty that the benefits of PSA-based screening for prostate cancer do not outweigh the harms."

PSA screening involves a simple blood test for elevated levels of a protein that may signal cancer but can also be caused by an enlarged or inflamed prostate. It can find cancer that does not need to be treated, as it is too small and slow-growing to become deadly. Radiation or surgery to remove the prostate may result in impotence and incontinence.

In 2018, the task force said in its final recommendation that men ages 55 to 69 should discuss potential benefits and negatives of a PSA screening with their physician before undergoing the test. 

While a PSA screening has the potential to reduce the risk of death, negatives listed by the task force include "false-positive results that require additional testing and possible prostate biopsy; overdiagnosis and overtreatment; and treatment complications, such as incontinence and erectile dysfunction."

They do not recommend PSA screening in men ages 70 and above.

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"Proper use of PSA is what I recommend from an early detection standpoint," Kantoff said.

Symptoms should not be the motivating factor for screening, he said, saying it should instead be a decision in one’s 40s about whether PSA testing should be done. He recommended that those with a family history or people of African American descent think about early detection.

An analysis of previous clinical trials published in 2017 said screening lessened the risk of dying from prostate cancer by 25 to 32% compared to men who did not get screened, a summary for patients explains online. 

Prostate cancer is curable, but many men choose not to treat it because of the typically slow progression and the fact that it usually stays in the prostate, according to Cleveland Clinic.

More severe cases of cancer are usually treated through radiation or surgery. 

The Associated Press contributed reporting, as did Andy Sahadeo and Zoe Szathmary. 

For more Health articles, visit www.foxnews.com/health.

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