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  1. Removing All Unused Objects The docker system prune command will remove all stopped containers, all dangling images, and all unused networks: docker system prune You’ll be prompted to continue, use the -f or --force flag to bypass the prompt. WARNING! This will remove: - all stopped containers - all networks not used by at least one container - all dangling images - all build cache Are you sure you want to continue? [y/N] If you also want to remove all unused volumes, pass the --volumes flag: docker system prune --volumes WARNING! This will remove: - all stopped containers - all networks not used by at least one container - all volumes not used by at least one container - all dangling images - all build cache Are you sure you want to continue? [y/N] y Removing Docker Containers Docker containers are not automatically removed when you stop them unless you start the container using the --rm flag. Remove one or more containers To remove one or more Docker images use the docker container rm command followed by the ID of the containers you want to remove. You can get a list of all containers by passing the -a flag to the docker container ls command: docker container ls -a The output should look something like this: CONTAINER ID IMAGE COMMAND CREATED STATUS PORTS NAMES cc3f2ff51cab centos "/bin/bash" 2 months ago Created competent_nightingale cd20b396a061 solita/ubuntu-systemd "/bin/bash -c 'exec …" 2 months ago Exited (137) 2 months ago systemd fb62432cf3c1 ubuntu "/bin/bash" 3 months ago Exited (130) 3 months ago jolly_mirzakhani Once you know the CONTAINER ID of the containers you want to delete, pass it to the docker container rm command. For example, to remove the first two containers listed in the output above run: docker container rm cc3f2ff51cab cd20b396a061 If you get an error similar to the following, it means that the container is running. You’ll need to stop the container before removing it. Error response from daemon: You cannot remove a running container fc983ebf4771d42a8bd0029df061cb74dc12cb174530b2036987575b83442b47. Stop the container before attempting removal or force remove. Remove all stopped containers Before performing the removal command, you can get a list of all non-running (stopped) containers that will be removed using the following command: docker container ls -a --filter status=exited --filter status=created To remove all stopped containers use the docker container prune command: docker container prune You’ll be prompted to continue, use the -f or --force flag to bypass the prompt. WARNING! This will remove all stopped containers. Are you sure you want to continue? [y/N] y Remove containers using filters The docker container prune command allows you to remove containers based on condition using the filtering flag --filter. At the time of the writing of this article, the currently supported filters are until and label. You can use more than one filter by using multiple --filter flags. For example, to remove all images that are created more than 12 hours ago, run: docker container prune --filter "until=12h" Stop and remove all containers You can get a list of all Docker containers on your system using the docker container ls -aq command. To stop all running containers use the docker container stop command followed by a list of all containers IDs. docker container stop $(docker container ls -aq) Once all containers are stopped, you can remove them using the docker container rm command followed by the containers ID list. docker container rm $(docker container ls -aq) Removing Docker Images Remove one or more images To remove one or more Docker images use the docker images ls command to find the ID of the images you want to remove. docker image ls The output should look something like this: REPOSITORY TAG IMAGE ID CREATED SIZE centos latest 75835a67d134 7 days ago 200MB ubuntu latest 2a4cca5ac898 2 months ago 111MB linuxize/fedora latest a45d6dca3361 3 months ago 311MB java 8-jre e44d62cf8862 3 months ago 311MB Once you’ve located the images you want to remove, pass their IMAGE ID to the docker image rm command. For example, to remove the first two images listed in the output above run: docker image rm 75835a67d134 2a4cca5ac898 If you get an error similar to the one shown below, it means that an existing container uses the image. To remove the image, you will have to remove the container first. Error response from daemon: conflict: unable to remove repository reference "centos" (must force) - container cd20b396a061 is using its referenced image 75835a67d134 Copy Remove dangling images Docker provides a docker image prune command that can be used to remove dangled and unused images. A dangling image is an image that is not tagged and is not used by any container. To remove dangling images type: docker image prune You’ll be prompted to continue, use the -f or --force flag to bypass the prompt. WARNING! This will remove all dangling images. Are you sure you want to continue? [y/N] y When removing dangling images, if the images build by you are not tagged, they will be removed too. Remove all unused images To remove all images which are not referenced by any existing container, not just the dangling ones, use the prune command with the -a flag: docker image prune -a WARNING! This will remove all images without at least one container associated to them. Are you sure you want to continue? [y/N] y Remove images using filters With the docker image prune command, you can also remove images based on a certain condition using the filtering flag --filter. At the time of the writing of this article, the currently supported filters are until and label. You can use more than one filter by using multiple --filter flags. For example, to remove all images that are created more than 12 hours ago, you would run: docker image prune -a --filter "until=12h" Removing Docker Volumes Remove one or more volumes To remove one or more Docker volumes use the docker volume ls command to find the ID of the volumes you want to remove. docker volume ls The output should look something like this: DRIVER VOLUME NAME local 4e12af8913af888ba67243dec78419bf18adddc3c7a4b2345754b6db64293163 local terano Once you’ve found the VOLUME NAME of the volumes you want to remove, pass them to the docker volume rm command. For example, to remove the first volume listed in the output above, run: docker volume rm 4e12af8913af888ba67243dec78419bf18adddc3c7a4b2345754b6db64293163 If you get an error similar to the one shown below, it means that an existing container uses the volume. To remove the volume, you will have to remove the container first. Error response from daemon: remove 4e12af8913af888ba67243dec78419bf18adddc3c7a4b2345754b6db64293163: volume is in use - [c7188935a38a6c3f9f11297f8c98ce9996ef5ddad6e6187be62bad3001a66c8e] Copy Remove all unused volumes To remove all unused volumes use the docker image prune command: docker volume prune You’ll be prompted to continue, use the -f or --force flag to bypass the prompt. WARNING! This will remove all local volumes not used by at least one container. Are you sure you want to continue? [y/N] Removing Docker Networks Remove one or more networks To remove one or more Docker networks use the docker network ls command to find the ID of the networks you want to remove. docker network ls The output should look something like this: NETWORK ID NAME DRIVER SCOPE 107b8ac977e3 bridge bridge local ab998267377d host host local c520032c3d31 my-bridge-network bridge local 9bc81b63f740 none null local Once you’ve located the networks you want to remove, pass their NETWORK ID to the docker network rm command. For example to remove the network with the name my-bridge-network run: docker network rm c520032c3d31 If you get an error similar to the one shown below, it means that an existing container uses the network. To remove the network you will have to remove the container first. Error response from daemon: network my-bridge-network id 6f5293268bb91ad2498b38b0bca970083af87237784017be24ea208d2233c5aa has active endpoints Copy Remove all unused network Use the docker network prune command to remove all unused networks. docker network prune You’ll be prompted to continue, use the -f or --force flag to bypass the prompt. WARNING! This will remove all networks not used by at least one container. Are you sure you want to continue? [y/N] Remove networks using filters With the docker network prune command you can remove networks based on condition using the filtering flag --filter. At the time of the writing of this article, the currently supported filters are until and label. You can use more than one filter by using multiple --filter flags. For example, to remove all networks that are created more than 12 hours ago, run: docker network prune -a --filter "until=12h" Conclusion In this guide, we have shown you some of the common commands for removing Docker containers, images, volumes, and networks. You should also check out the official Docker documentation. If you have any questions, please leave a comment below.
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